There’s a social media app for almost every area of our lives these days. Share what you ate for breakfast on Instagram. Talk about politics on Facebook. Did you watch the Grammy Awards? Tweet about it!
Maybe you saw the latest episode of Doctor Who? Reblog gifs and talk about your favorite moments with fellow fans on Tumblr. Cool pieces of art go to DeviantArt. Gamers go to Steam. Prospective job hunters scour LinkedIn.
How did we ever get along without these various sites? How did we get to where we are with them? How did social media start?
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It mostly began in 1969 with a site called CompuServe. This was in the days of the space race, afros and disco and dialup. Computers were a rare commodity owned only by schools and large businesses.
It allowed businesses to share files and view news and events. It offered true interaction. By 1971, you could send your colleague a direct message through e-mail.
There were discussion forums to be joined and these forums paved the way for their later, younger counterparts that we know and love today.
In the 1980s, CompuServe expanded from being a business-only venture into the public domain.
After CompuServe came BBS in the early 1980’s. BBS, or “Bulletin Board System” was the true precursor for the social media sites we know and love.
These sites were basically hunks of coding where users could interact, chat, and share files. It was more of a material-sharing site than anything else. Users could share files and games (sometimes these were pirated).
The whole system relied on the telephone cable and BBSes were run by technology fanatics. Long distance calling rates applied for people trying to use a BBS out of town, so these were usual local affairs.
In 1985 an organization called AOL, or “America Online” was founded. AOL was a game-changer. It came complete with searchable user profiles, a chat feature with some of the first emoticons.
Users could list pertinent details about themselves and could communicate for hours with their friends.
Throughout the 1990’s, the internet continued to barrel along in innovations in leaps and bounds. In 1997, the first blogging platforms were set up.
Yahoo opened and began offering its services, mostly in email and news, and Amazon began selling books. Everyone wanted a computer in their home, and there was no stopping it.
Modern social media as we know it really began in 2002 with a newfangled site called Friendster. Friendster used many of the same methods that an online dating site would in order to find compatible people to be friends.
It operated under the premises that only people who had similar interests could form a meaningful online connection. Within its first year, it had over three million users.
It was quite popular for several years, but poor management and budgeting caused it to drop dramatically in popularity. It briefly popped up in Indonesia, but now exists only as a gaming site.
A year after Friendster was founded, two new sites that still remain fairly popular today were launched: Myspace and LinkedIn.
Like CompuServe before it, LinkedIn was focused on a serious approach to social media: a way for business colleagues and associates to network and make connections.
These days, it’s one of many sites that continue to be a driving force in the job search. MySpace attracted young people.
It focused on creating a place for new music, funny videos, and other media to be shared between peers and classmates.
With the rise of other sites like Facebook and Twitter, it’s certainly fallen by the wayside in recent years, but it still remains as a networking platform for musicians.
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2004 was a game-changing year. This was the year of the all-important Facebook launch. This was originally a Harvard-only experiment by Mark Zuckerberg and a group of classmates, a way for Harvard classmates to find each other and make friends.
It remained strictly campus-only until 2006 where it opened up to the public.
Since 2006 and 2007, more and more changes have taken place in the social media industry. Email is now being thrown out in favor of platforms like Skype that offer instant messaging and video chats.
Google Hangouts introduced the idea of group video chats, and Facebook has since rushed to keep up with the innovation.
Much of social media has moved to mobile computing. Apps like Instagram and Snapchat focus more on sharing snapshot moments rather than a full, meaningful connection between two people.
Twitter has a staccato rhythm of short, witty thoughts. It’s become a platform that’s popular among celebrities and news sites as a way to advertise their brand.
How Did Social Media Start?
Social media has seen quite a change from its humble roots in the 1970’s. Now, it closely resembles something out of an early science fiction TV show.
We can chat in real-time, face to face on our computer screens with loved ones and strangers across the world. Now, an entire nation can discuss an episode of a TV show at the same time, like on collective hive mind.
We’re all connected, for better or for worse. Only time can tell where the future of social media will take us.